The Basics of Law

The Basics of Law

Law is a complex system of rules and regulations that govern virtually every area of society. It is typically divided into three broad categories: civil law, criminal law, and labour law. Each category is concerned with a different aspect of the law. For example, labour law studies the tripartite industrial relationship between employers and employees and regulates collective bargaining, the right to strike, and other aspects of the relationship. Individual employment law focuses on the rights of employees in the workplace. Criminal law, on the other hand, focuses on the rules of court procedure. This includes how to conduct a fair trial and other legal issues that arise out of court proceedings. In addition, evidence law concerns the admissibility of evidence in court proceedings.

Principles of the inner morality of law

Principles of the inner morality of law are pre-law principles. These pre-law principles have been argued to be essential to law making. Yet, some legal philosophers have questioned whether these principles are morally sound. They are essentially efficacy conditions.

Formal elements of the Rule of Law

The Rule of Law has many components, and different elements of it are privileged by different groups of people. But one of its most important aspects is common law, the impartial application of a clearly drafted statute. Another is a stable constitution. Aristotle compared the Rule of Law to the rule of man. He claimed that a man would be safer under a written law than a man under an unwritten one.

Human rights component

Law that deals with the protection of human rights is referred to as human rights law. It is a part of international law that protects individual rights and promotes justice. Many countries have ratified human rights treaties that require their governments to protect the rights of individuals. This component of law is particularly useful when it comes to cases where a state has violated the rights of an individual.

Separation of powers

Separation of powers is the principle of government that prevents a majority from ruling with an iron fist. It is one of the foundations of the United Nations. The United States has a system of separation of powers. The federal government is divided into separate branches. Each branch has its own laws, and each branch oversees the execution of those laws.

Courts of equity

A court of equity is a type of court in the law. Likewise known as an equity court or chancery court, this type of court applies equity principles to cases.

Presumption of human dignity

Human dignity is one of the foundational values of law. It is recognized as a fundamental right in international law, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), and in the Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030). It is the foundation of a just rule of law and deals with the value and quality of human life. This concept is integral to every area of law, including criminal proceedings and corporate law. Several law school students have written essays examining the importance of dignity in civil, criminal, and employment law.