During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the media played a crucial role in circulating news. News was delivered by printed newspapers and by phone, and later by radio and television. News was viewed as an informative source to keep people informed of recent events.
News values can be defined as professional norms of journalism. They are based on various factors. Some of these factors are arbitrary. Others are the belief systems of journalists and the roles of public relations professionals. They can also be influenced by social and political developments. Some news values are defined explicitly, while others are doxic.
For example, an unusual event may have more impact on readers than an ordinary event. Similarly, the greater the loss of life, the more interest readers will have in the story. In addition, proximity to the event can influence readers. People take interest in confrontations between different groups and nations.
Some news values are more important than others. For instance, stories of celebrities and athletes are more important than stories about ordinary events. Similarly, stories about war or police violence may be more important than stories about crime. In addition, stories about politics have more news value than stories about celebrities.
In addition to news values, the selection process for news is important. Journalists claim to cover all sides of an issue without bias. However, this is not always the case. For instance, news about Imran Khan’s marriage was more interesting for readers in the United Kingdom than in France. This can be attributed to the competition for exclusives among journalists and advertisers. This may also have influenced the way news is selected.
Using the Galtung and Ruge list of news values, a study was conducted to test the validity of the criteria. The results indicated that these criteria were able to explain a large part of the news selection process. However, it was not possible to explain all of the values.
The research also suggested that the news value hierarchy is important to explain the news selection process. Several factors can influence the value of a news story, such as the location of the story, the time of the story, the audience’s reaction to the story, and the extent to which the story is factual.
News stories can be classified as hard or soft. Hard news is news that is immediately relevant to the reader and that is usually short. Soft news is usually longer and focuses on current events. This type of story usually explores the person or group in the news. Stories with positive overtones and good news values are more interesting to readers.
News stories may also have a “Five Ws” structure. These are the most important aspects of an event. Usually, the most important information is presented at the beginning of the story. This helps readers to easily understand the story, and makes it more relatable. The layout of a newspaper may also influence readers’ reading habits. Moreover, the layout may also allow readers to skim the story and focus on the most important aspects of the story.